It is the one that gives the highest priority among the laws such as laws in Japan. So it is called "the highest regulation".
Therefore, other laws are made so as not to disobey the Japanese Constitution.
The Japanese Constitution has three principles. These are basics when creating the Constitution of Japan.
There are the sovereignty of the people, pacifism and respect for fundamental human rights.
Besides that, there are "three major obligations of the people". This is what the people must do to the country.
There are tax payment, labor and letting children receive compulsory education. In addition, there are penalties in principle in case of violation other than "labor".
This means thatthat the people do politics. For that reason, in Japan, the representatives chosen by citizens discuss in the Diet and do politics, so that the idea of the people is reflected in politics.
Japan lost a lot of lives in the Pacific War and so on. From that reflection, it is stated in Article 9 of the Constitution that "never again do war" and "have no army".
Fundamental human rights is the right as a person, since we were born.
Equality, freedom, society, participation, and claim rights are approved.
It is said that these must be respected to the utmost, and in the Constitution it is said to be "permanent right not to be infringed".
The Constitution of Japan was the second constitution made in Japan, and before that there was the Constitution of the Japan Imperial Empire.
To make it possible for all common people to know new legislation that has been established.
Ensure that laws and regulations have effect and can be implemented. In principle, laws and regulations are enforced at the end of 20 days, counting from the day of promulgation, but in recent years there are many times to decide the timing of enforcement within the enforcement regulations that will be enforced from the day of promulgation Sometimes.
There were various changes when the Constitution of Japan changed. In the table below, some of them are introduced.